Midgard is a fantasy role-playing game that was the first role-playing game published in the German language and the first role-playing game to be created in Germany.
1978 Jürgen Franke self-published the game "Empires of Magira". This game was set in the world of "Magira" (known from the fantasy works of Hugh Walker).
The first edition of Midgard was published in 1981. It was a reworked (and improved) version of "Empires of Magira". (These two systems should probably get their own entries into the database as they are not really compatible with the later editions.)
The 1985 edition (Verlag für Fantasy- & SF-Spiele) was heavily redesigned and was one of the first role-playing games to separate exhaustion points from hit points. The game uses 20-sided dice for attacks, spells, and skills; 6-sided dice to determine weapon damage; and a 100-sided dice roll for tests against a character's attributes. This edition was released as two seperate books of 150 pages each.
The 1989 edition (Schmidt Spiel & Freizeit GmbH/Klee-Spiele GmbH) was released as two boxes with three softbound 65-page books each. There were minor changes to the rules, while the game world of Magira of the previous editions was exchanged for Midgard.
The fourth edition from 2001 (Pegasus Spiele) was released as two hardcover books of about 350 pages each. In this edition some minor changes to the underlying mechanics were introduced in order to streamline game play.
Note: The rule books have only been released in German.
Note: The third editions beginner version was translated into Danish.