\'\'\'Author\'s Preface\'\'\' This account of the land of Mûmakan derives from the Parma Hyarmenórion written by Haerangil of Pelargir, a Dúnadan who traveled the Harad
in the Third Age, visiting the Utter South during the zenith of Mûmakanda power. Being a learned sage, Haerangil used the ancient terms for the two regions called by the indigenous Black Númenóreans Khâradûnê (Hyarnúmentë, the Southern Heat) and Ûrêzâin (the Far Sunlands), and mentions Ugruzâyan (the southern continent beyond the Inner Sea). Haerangil left Gondor as a very young man around TA 2970 and probably returned at the beginning of the Fourth Age. The Parma Hyarmenórion was perhaps written during the years FA 10-20.